Smoke detector obligation

From 1 July 2022 every storey of your home must be equipped with a smoke detector. Smoke detectors beep when they detect smoke. This warns you of the presence of smoke or fire. The owner or landlord of a property is responsible for installing smoke detectors.

Smoke detector required on every storey

Your house must have a smoke alarm on each storey from 1 July 2022. This way you will be alerted more quickly in the event of smoke or fire.

How many smoke detectors do I need to have in my home?

 We assume three different security levels: ‘sufficient’, ‘better’ and ‘best’. 

  • The first security level sufficient means that you preferably hang the smoke detectors on each (residential) floor in the escape route (usually the hall, corridor and landing). 
  • You are even better protected if you also place the smoke detectors in all bedrooms. 
  • For the best, optimum safety, also place the smoke detectors in all other rooms in your home where a fire could start.

Install the smoke detector on the hall ceiling

Use a smoke detector that will last for at least 10 years. You can buy one at a DIY store or online for around €16. Smoke detectors often have an adhesive sticker on the back. You can attach the detector to the ceiling using the sticker or a screw. 

You should install a detector:

in your hallway;

on the ceiling;

at least 50 centimetres from a wall or corner;

at least 30 centimetres from a light.

You should not install a smoke detector near an air vent or heating. Read the instructions that come with the detector before you install it. Test the detectors in your home regularly

Owner responsible for installation

The owner of a property is responsible for installing smoke detectors. If you live in a rental property, the landlord is responsible for ensuring smoke detectors are present.

Where there is a homeowners’ association (VvE), the owners of each individual property are responsible for installing smoke detectors in their own properties. Smoke detectors are not mandatory in communal areas. And the association is not obliged to install any.

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